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Jazz Music

Coleman Hawkins - JAMAICA SHOUT (1933)

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"Jamaica Shout"Composed by Horace HendersonColeman Hawkins and his OrchestraRecorded September Sept. 29, 1933, New Yorkfor British Parlophone R1685 Mx W265144-2Personnel:
Henry "Red" Allen - trumpet
J. C. Higgenbothem - trombone
Hilton Jefferson - alto sax and clarinet
Coleman Hawkins - tenor sax
Horace Henderson - piano, arranger
Bernard Addison - guitar
John Kirby - string bass
Walter Johnson or SidCatlett - drums

Colman Hawkins was born on November 21, 1904 in St. Joseph Missouri. Hawkins later insisted that he was born at sea while his parents were returning from a European vacation. He was introduced to music early. His mother was an organist and began his piano training by the time he was five. He then studied cello for several years and at the age of nine received a tenor saxophone for his birthday. By the time he was 12, he was picking up money playing school dances---and good money, too, by his own account. "I never played for five dollars a night in my life." he said later. He often played with a pianist who was limited to one key, F sharp. It meant that Hawkins had to move to that key. "That was good for me though," he recalled. "It gave me an early start on transposition." He went to Washburn College in Topeka Kansas where he studied music theory, harmony, counterpoint and composition. In 1921 he was working inthe orchestra of the Twelfth Street Theater in Kansas City and toured with vaudeville-style blues singer Mamie Smith in 1922. Between 1923 and 1934 he played with the Fletcher Henderson Band and during this time he would forge the style that influences the sound of the jazz saxophone from then on."Jamaica Shout" was the first recording session of Hawkins under his own name with his own orchestra. This session was organized by John Hammond for the English label Parlophone, part of the same corporate family as English Columbia.

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